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3D concstruction on its way

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3D Printing on the move

3D printers were in the trial stage with ability to build small scale structures or prototypes of a particular design with given a command to it by a computer software CAD (Computer Aided Design). 3D printing, or additive manufacturing, is the construction of a three-dimensional object from a CAD model or a digital 3D model. The term “3D printing” can refer to a variety of processes in which material is deposited, joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as plastics, liquids or powder grains being fused together), typically layer by layer.

In the 1980s, 3D printing techniques were considered suitable only for the production of functional or aesthetic prototypes, and a more appropriate term for it at the time was rapid prototyping. As of 2019, the precision, repeatability, and material range of 3D printing have increased to the point that some 3D printing processes are considered viable as an industrial-production technology, whereby the term additive manufacturing can be used synonymously with 3D printing.

One of the key advantages of 3D printing is the ability to produce very complex shapes or geometries that would be otherwise impossible to construct by hand, including hollow parts or parts with internal truss structures to reduce weight. Fused deposition modeling (FDM), which uses a continuous filament of a thermoplastic material, is the most common 3D printing process in use as of 2020.

3D Construction/Printing

3D construction/Printing refers to various technologies that use 3D printing as a core method to fabricate buildings or construction components. Alternative terms are also in use, such as additive construction, Autonomous Robotic Construction System (ARCS), Large Scale Additive Manufacturing (LSAM), or Freeform Construction (FC).

There are an assortment of 3D printing strategies utilized at development scale, with the principle ones being expulsion (concrete/cement, wax, froth, polymers), powder holding (polymer security, receptive security, sintering), and added substance welding. 3D printing at a development scale will include a wide assortment of uses inside the private, business, modern and public areas. Expected benefits of these robotization advances incorporate quicker development, lower costs, simplicity of development, empowering DIY development, expanded intricacy or potentially precision, more prominent mix of capacity, and less waste created.

A number projects has been demonstrated across various cities in each continent having at least one successful building standing strong on the field. As per our research and information collected, few countries in the list have at least their first 3D printed home are: The Netherlands, India, the USA, Malawi, Germany, Mexico, and UAE. It is still in trial & error stage with the capacity to build one storey house or apartment. The machines and the concrete or the construction material used in it are also in the trial stage and scientists with the integration of civil engineers and construction material experts are trying their best to create a material with having the capacity to withstand all the required tests and requirements.

According to the data mentioned by the World Economic Forum (WEF) the 3D home construction industry was valuated at $3million back in 2019 and now it is projected to be $1.6 Billion by 2024. Supporters of this industry say that “it could boost the world’s supply of affordable housing”.

What are your views on 3D printed house? Would you like to live in new construction form of house?

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