ARTICLES

Agriculture – an evergreen sector with no boundary

1.Agriculture - an evergreen sector with no boundary
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Agriculture is one of the most prominent industries in the world. Agriculture sector employs over a billion people and produces over $1.3 trillion worth of food each year.

Agriculture accounted for 4% of global gross domestic product (GDP) in 2018, and it can contribute to more than 25% of GDP in some least developed countries. Agricultural development is one of the most effective tools for ending extreme poverty, increasing shared prosperity, and feeding the 9.7 billion people expected to exist by 2050.

The growth of agriculture is two to four times more successful in raising incomes.

Agriculture is a triggering factor for the economy. Many developing agricultural producing countries rely on agricultural imports for food security, and many emerging countries will not prosper unless domestic output increases significantly. It is undeniable that agriculture’s position in global economic development has improved significantly.

The area under agriculture

Agriculture occupies around 11% of the world’s land, with livestock grazing accounting for about 26%. Food, fuel, fiber, and raw materials are the four basic categories of agricultural output.

Top countries in agriculture production

The agricultural producing countries in the world are as follows:

  • China
  • United state
  • Brazil
  • India
  • Russia
  • France
  • Mexico
  • Japan
  • Germany
  • Turkey

Impact of Covid-19 pandemic on agriculture

Like all other sectors, agriculture is also affected by this pandemic badly. Agriculture linked to many sectors like chemicals, farm machinery, distribution and marketing. Agricultural producers also lost access to traditional marketing channels, and customer turnaround times slowed dramatically. These were the consequences of rising retail pricing for agricultural products, while farmers’ portion of sales decreased. Due to a shortage of avenues for selling agricultural produce, farmers were pushed to destroy the products.

Importance of Agriculture

Sustainable agriculture can help protect watersheds, preserve key habitats, and improve soil health and water quality. Unsustainable operations have major consequences for both people and the environment. The necessity for long-term resource management is becoming more pressing. Agriculture is one of the most significant frontiers for conservation because of its strong interconnections to the global economy, human societies, and biodiversity.

Sustainable agriculture

Every day, the task of supporting life on a planet with a population of more than 7 billion people becomes more difficult. Our globe will be home to another 2 billion people by 2050. So, the sustainable approach to agriculture aids in many ways. Organic farming is in trend as it is the way to sustainability.

Sustainable agriculture helps in the following ways:

Sustainable agriculture helps in the following measure 

Pollution control

In the traditional method of agriculture chemicals, fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides are used that harms the environment. While in sustainable agriculture, compost and manure is use. It reduces environmental degradation.

Water management

Most of the available freshwater is use for agricultural purposes. So it has to conserve properly.

Employment

Agriculture generates the employment of the local as well as the poor people.

Future scenario

Farm tools have grown in size, speed, and productivity because of technological advancements, allowing for more efficient cultivation of more land. Seed, irrigation, and fertilizers have improved dramatically, allowing farmers to enhance harvests. Agriculture is now in the midst of yet another transformation, with data and connection at its core.

Artificial intelligence, analytics, linked sensors, and other developing technologies have the potential to boost yields, enhance water and another input efficiency, and improve sustainability and resilience in crop and animal husbandry.

Conclusion

There is no end to the agricultural industry. Need is to planned in a long-term or sustainable manner.  New research, businesses, and start-ups are always welcome in this field.

– Varada Ukidave

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