The architect usually starts the work when the location, type and cost of the building are determined.
This site contains changes in the behavior of the natural environment which must be adapted to the invariable physical needs of man. Type is the general shape created by society to adapt to the particular use a building is required for. The cost includes the economics of land, labor and material, which must be adjusted to a certain amount.
Planning is therefore a process for assigning and ultimately coordinating environmental, land use and economic requirements. This process has both cultural and useful value as the architect inevitably influences how this social activity is planned.
Planning the environment
The natural environment is both an obstacle and a resource, and the architect seeks his help and repels his attacks. For buildings to be habitable and comfortable, they must cope with the effects of heat, cold, light, air, moisture and drought and anticipate the devastating potential of fire, earthquake, flood and disease.
The environmental control methods considered here are only practical aspects of planning. The architect has dealt with it in the context of expressive aspects. The arrangement and shape of buildings in relation to their location, the distribution of space within buildings and other planning tools discussed below are essential elements of architectural aesthetics.
Arrange the axes of buildings and its parts are a device to control the effects of the sun, wind and rain. The sun is normally in their period; It prefers the south and neglect of exposure to the north in the northern hemisphere buildings. Inside buildings determine the axis and put any amount of the amount of the sun that receives. The orientation in the air can be reviewed and reduced wind defects, rain and snow, because they are able to do in most climates. Immediate environmental properties also affect orientation: trees, land structures and other buildings create shadows, reduce or exacerbate winds, while water body bodies produce moisture and reflect the sun and reflect the sun.